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Sewage Treatment Systems

In Jackson County, Ohio, the majority of our infrastructure to treat household sewage is on-site sewage treatment systems.  These systems are paid for and maintained by the property owner.  This is because sewer lines do not run to the vast majority of households in our county.


Jackson, Wellston, Oak Hill, and Coalton have their own wastewater treatment facilities.  Any dwelling that is accessible to these municipal sewers must connect to them. 

Click Here For Jackson County Health Department's Supplement to OAC 3701-29 Sewage Treatment System Rules

The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) regulates sewage treatment systems across the state through statutory authority established under Ohio Revised Code (ORC) Chapter 3718 and Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 3701-29.  Permitting, inspections and enforcement actions are conducted by the local health districts and local health districts may adopt more stringent rules and standards. 









Sewage treatment systems, that the Jackson County Health Department can approve, include systems for residential dwellings and commercial small flow on-site sewage treatment systems (SFOSTS) for facilities that treat no more than 1,000 gallons of wastewater per day. 


Proper system siting and design, soil evaluation, system owner education and operation inspections and maintenance of systems are essential to help prevent future contamination of Jackson County's groundwater, surface water, and prevent sewage public health nuisances.

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